Oak is the most widely used hardwood. There are more than 60 species of oak grown in the U.S., which can
be separated into two basic varieties; white and red. The red variety is also known as black oak (a reference
to its bark).
Properties: Oak is a heavy, strong, light colored hardwood. It is ring porous, due to the fact that more and
larger conductive vessels are laid down early in the summer, rather than later. Prominent rings and large pores
give oak a course texture and prominent grain. Oak also has conspicuous medullary rays which can be seen as
"flakes" in quarter sawed oak lumber.
Uses: Oak is the most popular wood used to craft American and English country designs. It is also used for
Gothic and William & Mary reproductions, as well as many transitional and contemporary pieces.